GAZ-SYSTEM- New gas pipeline will reduce emissions in the Baltic Sea Region
On March 19, the Baltic Pipe Project submitted an application to the Swedish Government for a permit for the pipeline’s routing through Sweden’s exclusive economic zone. The pipeline will transport Norwegian gas to Poland and further into eastern Europe. The goal of the project is to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide in the Baltic Sea Region, strengthening the energy security of supply and reducing Eastern and Central Europe’s dependency on Russian gas. The project is financed by Poland, Denmark and EU-funding.
Poland has one of the highest coal consumptions of any European country and the pipeline offers Poland better opportunities to eventually replace coal and oil with natural gas. There is a significant potential for reducing carbon dioxide emissions: if just one tenth of the pipeline’s capacity is used to replace coal the estimated reduction in carbon dioxide emissions is between 1.2 and 2.2 megatons annually.
The project enables the transition to a greener energy mix in Poland and contributes to increased energy security. There are already extensive plans to expand wind power and PV in Poland, but none of them ensures a secure supply of energy. Natural gas will complement renewable energy sources and will help Poland to phase out the use of coal and oil in the long term.
Another objective of the Baltic Pipe Project is to reduce Poland’s and eventually Eastern and Central Europe’s dependency on Russian gas imports. The pipeline links Poland’s energy market with the Norwegian gas fields in the North Sea and consists of multiple stages, both onshore and offshore. The application submitted to the Swedish Government covers the part of the pipeline that is routed through Sweden’s economic zone.