Your questions

General information about the project

  • The Baltic Pipe Project is a strategic gas infrastructure project with the objective to provide a new gas supply corridor on the European market. 

    Baltic Pipe will enable the transmission of gas from Norway to the Danish and Polish markets, as well as to customers in neighbouring countries. At the same time, the Baltic Pipe will enable the supply of gas from Poland to the Danish and Swedish markets. The Baltic Pipe Project is recognized by the European Commission as a Project of Common Interest (PCI).

  • The feasibility study has indicated that the Baltic Pipe Project can deliver significant socioeconomic benefits to Poland, Denmark and other countries in the region. The project is fully compliant with the EU Energy Policy corner stones of a secure, affordable and sustainable energy supply in Europe through increased market integration, diversification of supply sources and high competitiveness.

  • The project is developed in collaboration between the Danish gas and electricity transmission system operator Energinet and the Polish gas transmission system operator GAZ-SYSTEM. In 2017, The Prime Ministers of Poland and Denmark have signed a memorandum of understanding on the cooperation on the Baltic Pipe Project.

  • In 2018, GAZ-SYSTEM and Energinet will make the final investment decision. If the joint decision is positive, and if the environment and construction permits are granted, the pipeline is planned to become operational in October 2022. 

  • Natural gas is an efficient energy sources, which is considered to be the cleanest conventional heating fuel. This fuel, as opposed to heavier hydrocarbon fuels e.g. coal or oil, produces lower levels of carbon dioxide. According to the studies, it is expected that the demand for natural gas in Central and Eastern Europe will grow year by year. Investing in the Baltic Pipe Project will improve the competitiveness of gas prices in the European market and help to lower decarbonisation costs.  These are the reasons, why natural gas is regarded as an environmentally friendly conventional fuel and why it fully complies with the EU’s energy and climate goals.

    A natural gas infrastructure also has a great potential for future transmission of biogas.

  • The Baltic Pipe will enable the transportation of 10 billion m3/year gas from Norway to Denmark and Poland and 3 billion m3/year gas from Poland to Denmark. In comparison, in 2016 gas consumption was 2.5 billion m3/year in Denmark and 16 billion m3/year in Poland.

  • During the Open Season procedure conducted in 2017, all market participants were invited to book the capacity in the potential new gas pipeline from Norway to Denmark and Poland. Under this procedure shippers confirmed their interest by submitting binding bids committing themselves finally to 15-year contracts for capacity transmission. The Open Season procedure was carried out in a transparent and equitable manner in accordance with the current European Union’s regulations.

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Construction process

  • The pipeline is laid underground (approx. 1,2 m deep) and the construction site is restored. Both project promotors pay great attention to return the environment to its previous condition. Compressor stations are the main elements of infrastructure located on the ground and within the Baltic Pipe Project there are four such facilities foreseen: 1 in Denmark and 3 in Poland. Local communities are always consulted prior to the construction phase. All adequate measures will be taken to mitigate and minimize any potential negative impact on local communities.

  • The offshore pipelines may be laid on the seabed or underneath, depending on local conditions. A standard 200-meter safety zone around the infrastructure will guarantee the safety of other sea users and prevent damage to the pipeline by anchors or fishing equipment. Measures will be taken to mitigate any potential negative impact on local communities.

  • The Parties to the project will be committed to reducing inconveniences to local communities during the construction phase, but some noise, dust, traffic redirections, etc. may be expected at that time. Also, during the construction phase, there may be limited access to the areas where the pipelines and local infrastructure (e.g. land valve station, receiving plant) are planned to be located.

  • The possible impacts on the environment will be investigated in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). The EIA identifies and describes the present environmental setting and assesses the likely impacts on physical-chemical, biological and socioeconomic conditions within the project area. The public can contribute to the scoping of the baseline studies as part of the EIA procedure. Environmental studies will be carried out both onshore and offshore, and public consultations will take place in the countries concerned.

  • Transparency and public engagement are essential when shaping the best possible Project scenario both in environmental and social perspective. As part of the Environmental Impact Assessment, public consultations will take place in the countries concerned.

  • The operating pressure of offshore pipelines in the North Sea and the Baltic Sea are estimated at 6,7 – 12 Megapascal (MPa).

    The operating pressure of onshore pipelines is estimated at of 5 – 15 Megapascal (MPa).

  • Four methods of landfall construction are taken into account: open excavation, horizontal drilling (HDD), microtunneling and direct jacking. The optimal landfall construction method will be selected on the basis of environmental and engineering analyses.

    The Baltic Pipe landfalls will be unnoticeable and the beach and dunes will be restored to their original condition after completion of construction works.

  • Yes, it is possible. Any obstacles hindering the construction of the gas pipeline in the trench (i.e. rivers, roads, railway lines) will be crossed using trenchless methods (pipe jacking, horizontal directional drilling) etc.

Compensations

  • Legislation in Poland and Denmark is different, and therefore, the compensations will be granted according to different compensation mechanisms. Information about national legislation and compensation mechanisms is available on Energinet and GAZ-SYSTEM websites.

Safety

  • Every source of energy, including natural gas, must be handled properly. Both project promoters, GAZ-SYSTEM and Energinet, stay up-to-date with technical innovations and security methods to ensure the highest levels of quality and safety for the consumers and the environment. The promoters take the following actions required to reduce environmental impact: reducing the amount of waste, monitoring of pollution emissions to the air, water and soil; achieving full compliance with current regulations and environmental standards; ensuring acoustic protection to land and buildings; increasing environmental awareness among employees – disseminate information, provide training courses etc. Furthermore, the gas infrastructure is continuously maintained and remotely monitored to prevent hazardous incidents.

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